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 محمد علي باشا

Mohamed Ali Pasha

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Our ambitions are

  • To advance the education of the public in the history of the Islamic World, of Egypt and of the Mohamed Ali family in particular.

  • To maintain and preserve an archive of historical interest.

  • To sponsor and assist in the study of the period of the reign of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II including an authoritative biography of the Khedive.

  • To assist impecunious members of the Mohamed Ali Family.

  • To promote any other charitable objectives according to the law of England.


The Mohamed Ali Foundation Fellowship is hosted by Durham University and is awarded to early career (post-doctoral) or established scholars. The Mohamed Ali Foundation is a UK charity whose aims include advancing the education of the public in the history of the Islamic World, of Egypt and of the Mohamed Ali Family in particular, especially the period of reign of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II (1892-1914).

In June 2018 the Mohamed Ali Foundation announced the launch of this Fellowship Programme, and which is established to devote scholarly attention to the Abbas Hilmi II Papers held at Durham University and to make the collection’s strengths more widely known to scholars. It is hoped that the fellows’ work will foster deeper understanding of an important period of Egyptian history, and of a transformative era in East -West relations.

The fellowship programme is based at Durham University and managed by an international Advisory Panel comprising academic subject specialists. The programme began in 2019 with the residency of the first fellow Dr Pascale Ghazaleh of the American University in Cairo: her inaugural lecture is now available online. The 2022 fellows will be Dr Hussein Omar and Dr Karim Malak. More fellowships will be awarded over the following 5 years. An Advisory Panel, chaired by Professor Anoush Ehteshami, Director of the Institute for Middle Eastern & Islamic Studies, will appoint one or two fellows each year.

Fellows will be early career (post-doctoral) or established scholars. The nature of the collection will often require good reading knowledge of Arabic, Ottoman Turkish, French, and English. The online catalogue of the collection indicates the languages of each file of material.

Fellows will research the Abbas Hilmi II Papers, on an agreed topic, and deliver a lecture at Durham University. Each lecture will ultimately form a chapter in a volume of high quality and original research to be edited by Dr Ghazaleh. In the interim the lectures will be published in the university’s Middle East Papers series. The breadth of material in the Abbas Hilmi II Papers will reward an interdisciplinary approach. In order to guide candidate fellows an outline plan of this volume is now provided in the fellowship application documentation. This is not intended to be prescriptive and the Advisory Panel will consider alternative suggestions so long as they are well-grounded in the Abbas Hilmi II Papers and this is evidenced in the application proposal.

The Fellowship, tenable jointly in IMEIS and Grey College, entitles the holder to full access during their residency to departmental and other University facilities such as Computing and Information Services and the University Library. Accommodation is provided at Durham during the Epiphany term (January-March), but there is flexibility to arrange residencies in different terms to suit fellows’ availability, and fellows may be permitted to reside in Cairo or Istanbul for the duration of the fellowship where digitised copies of the archive have been deposited. All fellows will visit Durham, if only briefly, in order to deliver their lecture. Lectures and other activities elsewhere during the fellowship will be encouraged.

Fellows who do reside at Durham will also be encouraged to take a full part in academic and collegiate life, delivering the already mentioned lecture and perhaps also contributing to seminars.

Fellows will be awarded an honorarium upon completion of their fellowship, and accommodation and all meals will be provided for the duration of the fellowship; a research travel grant is also available to each fellow.

Applicants are advised to familiarise themselves with the online catalogue of the Abbas Hilmi II Papers, or the collection itself, and to review the outline plan of the edited volume provided below. More detailed information on the fellowship programme is also provided.

Due to the covid-19 pandemic the 2020 and 2021 fellows’ residencies have been put forward to 2022. The application period for the 2023 fellowship will begin in June 2022 and run to a date that autumn that will be announced on this page. Enquiries in the meantime may be directed to:

The Secretary

The Mohamed Ali Foundation Fellowship Programme

Durham University Library

Palace Green

Durham DH1 3RN

United Kingdom


Fellow: Role and Responsibilities (pdf)

Outline plan of edited volume (pdf)


We offer one undergraduate or postgraduate student studying in an accredited higher educational institution anywhere in the world £200 in vouchers or book tokens for the best dissertation substantially based upon material in the Abbas Hilmi II Papers, held in Durham University Library’s Special Collections. Submitted dissertations must be in English and have been awarded a grade of 70% or above by the student’s home institution. The winning dissertation will be published as a paper in the al-Sabah Publications Programme, and promoted through Durham University communications channels. Copies of the winning dissertation will be kept by Durham University Library, and sent to the trustees of the Mohamed Ali Foundation.

If you wish your dissertation to be considered for the prize please attach the entry form below to your piece of work upon its first submission at your home institution. If it qualifies for the prize you or your supervisor should then send this form together with a copy of your graded dissertation to the prize scheme administrator. The prize will be awarded by (emailed) letter on 31 October by Prince Abbas Hilmi or by a member of the Mohamed Ali Foundation. Full terms and conditions of the prize scheme are provided in this form.



H.L. Nabil Mohamed Tewfik Toussoun (18.4.1925-3.4.2021). Son of H.L. Nabil Adil Toussoun (28.11.1886-27.7.1956) and Emine Sabry (—. 3.5.1925), sister of H.M. Queen Nazli. Grandson of H.H. Prince Djemil Toussoun Pacha (1.2.1874-25.8.1933) and of H.H. Princess Nimet Allah Tewfik (8.10.1881-6.12.1965). As Emine Sabry died when giving birth to Tewfik Toussoun, he was brought up by H.H. The Khediva Emine Hanim Ilhamy, his great grandmother known as the Khediva Mère or Valde Paşa (24.5.1858-18.6.1931). As well as H.H. Princess Nimet Allah Tewfik, his grandmother (8.10.1881-6.12.1965), daughter of The Khedive Mohamed Tewfik (30.4.1852-7.1.1892) and sister of the Khedive Abbas Hilmi II (14.7.1874-20.12.1944). Tewfik Toussoun was educated at Cornell University, where he obtained a degree in agriculture. He then attended the University of California (UC) Berkley, where he obtained a PhD in Agriculture and became Assistant Professor in Plant Pathology. He then joined Pennsylvania State University ( Penn State) where he was first made Professor and then Emeritus Professor in Plant Pathology. He retired in 2005 at the age of 80. He was married to Barbara Dorn (3.10.1909-2.3.1989) and then to Joani Dunphy (1.28.1933-4.21.2011). He had no issue but was wonderfully looked after in his later years and is survived by his step children Cris, Chantal, Bernard and Manon. Tewfik Toussoun died peacefully in his sleep at the age of 96 by which time he had become the Dean of the Mohamed Ali family. That position is now held by H.H. Prince Hussein Toussoun born 18.7.1937.



We are greatly saddened to report that one of our Trustees Lesley Forbes (Harding) died on 18th March 2020. Lesley Forbes, former keeper of the Oriental Collections at the Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, Curator of the Sudan collections at the University of Durham Library, specialist librarian at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, member of the Book of Curiosities Project and Trustee of Mohamed Ali Foundation. Lesley worked with and alongside the Mohamed Ali Foundation from it's inception for over 40 years. Her diligence,  knowledge, and care will be irreplaceable. Our condolences to all those who were effected by her loss. A part of her legacy will continue with the work she started here. 

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Among the rich archival resources at Durham University Library is the collection of Abbas Hilmi II (1874-1944), the last khedive of Egypt (1892-1914), whose papers provide excellent research material on political, social, economic and cultural affairs in Egypt in the late 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, the British in Egypt and, to a lesser extent, the Sudan, and Egypt’s relations with Britain, Turkey and the rest of Europe. The archive principally covers the period from the mid-19th Century up until the death of Abbas Hilmi II in 1944, but with some additional family material dating up to the 1960s. The collection was deposited in Durham by the Mohamed Ali Foundation in 1980. It contains material principally in Arabic, English, and French, but also some Ottoman Turkish, German, Italian, and Greek. Digital copies of the Abbas Hilmi II Papers are also deposited at the American University and CULTNAT in Cairo.

Summary of the Abbas Hilmi II Papers

Catalogue of the Abbas Hilmi II Papers

Researchers wishing to access the collection are requested to complete an access agreement. Information on how to access the collection at Durham is available in this Archives and Special Collections online guide.

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